Italy and its regions are competitive in green technologiesafter school Enrico Fermi Research Centre (Cref), filed at Cnel on January 25, in collaboration withEconomics Institute of the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna and the Inequality and Diversity Forum.
Research analyzes environmentally friendly technology, which represents an important tool for reducing and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, but also an opportunity to revitalize entire economic sectors. In fact, the study claims so The green transition is not incompatible with development, but can stimulate the economy and create good jobs; Moreover, lower inequality is associated with greater green technology potential.
Green technology competitiveness in Europe. Cref’s research focused on Europe 28+ (the European Union with the UK, Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey) and on the period 2000-2016, when 30% of global green innovations were developed in Europe. Fourth Italy Level with Spain at 4% (it was 3% in 2000) by volume Green patents Foreground, led by Germany with 46%. As for the suitability of green technologyItaly ranks fifth after Germany, England, France and Austria.
Green technological competitiveness in Italy. In 2016, Italy focused its green technology capabilities on four main key sectors:
- reduction of greenhouse gases in the energy sector;
- climate protection in transportation;
- climate protection in construction;
- Climate protection in the production of goods.
in the energy sectorItaly has seen an increase in patents related to renewable energy production and technologies that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. in the traffic areaOne of the most representative categories is the road transport category, which includes battery technologies, electric and hybrid vehicles, to improve the efficiency of vehicles with internal combustion engines and the use of alternative fuels. in waste managementA significant proportion of green patents have been filed for materials reuse, recycling and recovery technologies. in the last, in the context of adaptation to climate changeA percentage of the patents are highlighted to protect health, eg to maintain air quality.
Green technological competitiveness of the Italian regions. The research results show that in fifteen years, the Italian regions have made a leap forward in the competitiveness of green technologies in Europe. the Lombardy (It is also the region with the highest number of active green patents) and Lazio is the most competitive Italian region, but also Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany and Liguria are growing and are among the European regions with the greatest environmentally friendly technology capabilities. Piedmont and Marche lose their competitive edge, occupying a middle position, while Sicily is the best performing southern region. green technology figure in Renewable energy Between that Liguria And Tuscany They achieved the best results, followed by Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna, Marche, Campania and Puglia.
public policy. Research shows that technological empowerment is a gradual process and that The ability of green technologies to be affected by non-green technologies. public policy Goals are necessary to exploit and develop the potential of both compensation for regional inequality Homogenizing the scalable potential for ecological transformation across Europe.
Among the findings, the research reaffirms the importance of adoption A vision for structural and granular regional analysisIt is important to identify local and regional specializations of non-green and green technological skills through mapping in order to target technologies that are compatible with Italian know-how, such as renewable energies.
by Monica Suzy
cap origin: fishing Starting from 123rf.com
 Green tech fitness It is a measure of the green competitiveness and capabilities of national and regional innovation systems. However, the other measure used by the study iseconomic fitness and complexity (EFC), It has recently been endorsed by the European Commission and the World Bank, allowing for detailed analysis applicable to ecological transition The level of competitiveness of each country: A new big data approach developed by the Cref Group for analyzing increasingly interconnected global economic dynamics.
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